How Profitable is Crypto Mining in 2023? A Beginners Guide

By Philip Hoey
Updated 23 May 2024

How Profitable is Crypto Mining?

Crypto mining can still be profitable, but it might not be as lucrative as it once was. This is due to various reasons, such as decreased cryptocurrency values since 2022. Even though cryptocurrencies hold value, calculating miner profitability can be tricky because of the expensive hardware and software and the high energy consumption needed to keep the mining equipment running.

Despite the occasional setbacks, the cryptocurrency industry is continuously expanding, attracting more people to try their luck at mining. However, the current cost of Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) miners is between $8,000 and $12,000, and electricity expenses consume over half the estimated income of a mining operation. It takes around five to six years for miners to cover the cost of one device.

While mining rewards may not seem profitable in the short term, introducing new advancements is expected to enhance its efficiency, accessibility, and sustainability in the long run.

Key Takeaways

  • Profitable mining depends on the hardware type used, the electricity cost, the current value of Bitcoin, and the number of miners in the mining pools.
  • Due to the rise in the difficulty level of Bitcoin mining and the emergence of specialized mining rigs and hardware called ASICs, engaging in Bitcoin mining from the comfort of your own home is no longer viable.
  • If you want to mine cryptocurrency from home, Dogecoin and Ethereum Classic are currently profitable options.
  • Using a graphics card for the GPU mining of crypto is mostly unprofitable nowadays.
  • There are noticeable differences between mining Bitcoin during a bullish market and a bearish one.

Crypto Mining Explained

Crypto mining is an essential process that validates transactions and creates new coins. Miners use specialized mining rigs and computer equipment called an “Application Specific Integrated Circuit” (ASICs) to solve complex mathematical problems and create a new block.

They compete with more miners to solve these puzzles, and the first to do so adds the next block to the blockchain. As a reward for their efforts, miners receive newly-minted coins. The more puzzles a miner solves, the more block rewards they add, and the greater their mining profits.

A mining machine uses specialized software to ensure that all transactions are valid and legitimate according to the blockchain rules. This decentralized approach to network validation allows cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin to operate without centralized control. One significant advantage of crypto mining is that it will verify transactions to prevent the double-spending of digital currency in a distributed network.

Just like spending physical currency, spending cryptocurrencies involves updating a digital ledger by debiting and crediting one account. However, since digital platforms can be easily manipulated, the Bitcoin transactions distributed ledger only permits verified miners to update transactions. This puts Bitcoin miners today in charge of securing the network and preventing double-spending.

Crypto Mining Profitability Changes Rapidly

Mining is a great way to gain insight into how the blockchain works. It can be a fun hobby that pays off. Plus, there’s always the chance you’ll get lucky and mine a coin that skyrockets in value, meaning your mining efforts could be far more profitable than you expect.

In today’s competitive landscape, it’s worth considering cryptocurrency mining to get involved in the exciting world of crypto.

Crypto Algorithm Block Reward (time) Revenue (per day) Profit

(per day)

Dual Mining
Monero (XMR) RandomX 0.65 XMR (2 min) $0.62 $0.07 No
Peercoin (PPC) SHA-256 55.1727 PPC (10 min) $11.62 $7.60 No
Horizen (ZEN) Equihash 3.75 ZEN (2.5 min) $1.34 $2.30 No


Vertcoin (VTC) Verthash 12.5 VTC (2.5 min) $0.45 $0.63 No
Bitcoin Cash (BCH) SHA-256 6.25 BCH (10 min) $8.42 $4.81 No
Ethereum Classic (ETC) ETCHASH 3.2 ETC (15 sec) $1.03 -$0.77 No
Dogecoin (DOGE) Scrypt 10,000 DOGE (1 min) $8.32 $0.10 Yes – LTC, DGB
Verge (XVG) Scrypt 50 XVG (30 sec) $13.63 $5.41 No
Litecoin (LTC) Scrypt 12.5 LTC (2.5 min) $7.68 $0.54 Yes – DOGE
Bitcoin (BTC) SHA-256 6.25 BTC (10 min) $8.31 $4.61 No


Is Crypto Mining Worth it?

If you’re thinking about getting into crypto mining, there are a few things you need to consider to see if it’s worth the effort. Different types of mining hardware are available, such as CPUs, GPUs, ASIC miners, or cloud mining.

Still, the most important factors to consider are your mining rig’s hash rate, power consumption, and overall costs. Remember that mining machines use a lot of electricity and generate a lot of heat, which can concern some people.

One of the biggest reasons Bitcoin mining profitability changed for home miners is the use of a specialized Bitcoin mining machine, like ASICs, that is much more powerful than typical home computers. These machines have more computing power and so their mining capacity for Bitcoin is much faster, making the mining difficulty harder for home miners to compete and to make mining profitable.

Additionally, large Bitcoin mining farms buy most of these Bitcoin mining hardware ASICs in bulk, leading to supply shortages and high costs. It’s important to note that data for Altcoin mining is scarce, but the profitability figures should be similar to those of Bitcoin.

If your plan is to mine Bitcoin or any other cryptocurrency, it makes sense to do it in a country where electricity is cheap to ensure mining is still profitable. You will also want to ensure that, before you start mining, your mining rig’s total electricity cost and setup expenses are not more than the cost of the crypto you will mine, making sure you have a profitable venture.

Retail miners can still get into Altcoin mining by following a similar approach. Although mining may result in losses at current prices, crypto markets are cyclical and tend to rise after a fall. If you can set up a mining rig, bear the losses, and hold onto the rewards, you could see significant profits if and when various Altcoins rise.

Read More: How to Mine Dogecoin

Hash Rate and Revenue Calculation in Crypto Mining

If you’re a crypto enthusiast, you might already know what “hash rate” means. It measures how quickly miners are solving complex math problems and how difficult they are. The Bitcoin network is designed to generate a certain amount of mined Bitcoin every 10 minutes.

As more miners join the Bitcoin network, the mining difficulty increases in maintaining the initial production rate. Creating a new hash by miners is a random process that’s almost impossible to predict. However, there are online calculators available that can estimate your potential earnings by combining the cryptocurrency you want to mine with a CPU or GPU.

These calculators will show you the hash rates for both CPUs and GPUs, along with an estimate of how much you could make per month for both CPU mining and GPU mining by applying that hash rate to mining cryptocurrency and to remain profitable.

For example, you have an NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 GPU, which can run at 48 MH/s. You could earn about $217 monthly by mining Ethereum with this GPU. On the other hand, if you have an Intel i9-10900 CPU, it can run at 4 KH/s and generate around $9 worth of Monero during the same period.

There are two important things to consider when determining how much profit you can make from mining cryptocurrencies. The first is the current market price of the coin you’re mining. Because crypto prices can change drastically, mining a coin whose price is on the rise will likely be more profitable than mining one whose price is stagnant or losing value. Bitcoin’s price for example.

The second factor is the cost of electricity. Generally, the more powerful your mining machine is, the more electricity it will consume. The cost of electricity is measured in kilowatt-hours (kWh), and it varies from place to place. The average cost per kWh in the United States is currently around 10.42 cents. Still, it can vary significantly from state to state.

The Profitability Equation

Regarding profitability, Ethereum is the most efficient cryptocurrency to mine per watt. Even a low-cost mining rig of eight AMD RX580s can generate $20 per day before considering electricity costs. In a bear market, electricity prices can be a major obstacle to making your mining profitable.

However, during a bull market, it is less of a concern. The primary issue with electricity is that as you scale up your mining capacity in your mining pool, you must also increase cooling capacity to prevent your residence from overheating.

Despite the challenges that at-home miners face, it is still possible to make mining profitable by selecting the most profitable coins and utilizing the latest and most efficient in computer power and mining hardware available in 2023.

Cryptocurrencies That can be Profitable to Mine

To help with your research and plans, here are our top six profitable coins you can mine with the necessary computing power and gear.


Monero is a cryptocurrency that prioritizes privacy and anonymity. It’s a Layer 1 currency that doesn’t store public records of wallet addresses, transaction amounts, or dates, making it completely anonymous. Monero’s network is designed to prevent the creation of Monero-focused ASICs, which makes it perfect for home computer mining. These security benefits are a major attraction, and traders will likely continue to use Monero for the foreseeable future.

Ethereum Classic

The creators of Ethereum Classic wanted to maintain the original Ethereum blockchain. They created this alternative platform for people who didn’t support the DAO bailout. When Ethereum switched from a mining-based Proof-of-Work blockchain to a more energy-efficient Proof-of-Stake system known as The Merge, many miners moved to Ethereum Classic instead.

Ethereum Classic was founded in 2016 as a hard fork of Ethereum and still operates on a Proof of Work consensus model. It’s also compatible with smart contracts, which means developers can create dApps and DeFi products within the ETC ecosystem.

Z Cash

ZCash provides users with greater privacy than Bitcoin or Ethereum, similar to Monero. ZCash has a new block time of 75 seconds, and like Bitcoin, the blockchain displays the sender, receiver, and transaction amount. However, ZCash implements shielded transactions, making it harder to link transactions and increasing privacy for users compared to BTC.


Ravencoin is a blockchain platform created to simplify the transfer of digital assets. It is built on the same codebase as Bitcoin and employs a proof-of-work consensus algorithm known as X16R.

Learn More: Proof-of-work vs. proof-of-stake.


VergeCoin is a community-driven cryptocurrency that prioritizes transaction privacy. It was created in 2014 as a spinoff of DogeCoin to provide complete anonymity like other privacy coins such as Monero, Pivx, and Zcash.

Verge miners are volunteers located worldwide. The network now supports multi-algorithm mining, offering users the choice between GPU mining and ASIC mining protocols. The Verge ledger is public, but participant identities are kept hidden through the token network.

Although Verge gained some notoriety for its use on certain adult sites, it remains a viable cryptocurrency. Additionally, Verge plans to introduce a sidechain through the Rootstock project for processing smart contracts.


In 2013, two software engineers created Dogecoin as a joke to satirize the hype around cryptocurrencies. But the Altcoin has since gained a lot of popularity and investors, partly due to the backing of Elon Musk. Dogecoin celebrated its 9th birthday recently. Many people have started mining Dogecoin, and it has become quite profitable, with high revenue figures last year. It seems likely that mining Dogecoin will continue to be profitable in the coming years.

Learn More: What is an Altcoin.

Things That Will Impact How Profitable Crypto Mining is

Crypto mining can promise high returns but has challenges. Before diving in, here are some things to consider:

  • Mining requires a lot of power. Bitcoin mining alone uses a lot of electricity, more electricity than entire countries. This translates to a significant carbon footprint and high costs. Bitcoin miners often need help locating themselves in areas with low electricity costs, which can strain outdated infrastructures.
  • The initial investment for a good mining operation can be steep. The necessary computing power and hardware can cost thousands of dollars, and high-spec rigs can go for over $10,000.
  • Mining is only for some. It requires technical knowledge of computing and blockchain infrastructure; some countries discourage it.
  • While the mining rewards are appealing, weighing the costs and complexities involved is important.

How Profitable is Crypto Mining for Passive Income?

Here are a few reasons mining could be a good option for generating passive income. The crypto industry is improving, and the supply chain is gradually becoming more favorable for miners.

More Energy-Efficient Chips

Mining cryptocurrency requires a lot of power, and the efficiency of the mining chips is usually measured by how much hash rate they can produce per kilowatt of electricity consumed or how many joules they consume per kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electricity.

While ASIC chip efficiency has slowly been increasing with smaller chip designs, the total power consumption of these devices has also climbed as they’ve become more competent.

One way to achieve greater energy efficiency is through enhanced mass production and more efficient designs.

Improved Sustainability

As the financial strain on the Bitcoin miners and industry increases, many are advocating for a switch to 100% renewable energy. This has led to the emergence of various renewable mining operations across the globe.

Furthermore, the rising regulatory pressure on mining companies strongly incentivizes current and future operations to adopt environmentally friendly practices. It’s predicted that sustainable mining practices will soon become more widespread and commonplace in the industry.

Derivative Products

Starting a mining operation can be challenging due to various obstacles, such as high equipment costs, the technical knowledge required to run the equipment, fluctuating electricity costs, and long delivery times.

One emerging solution is cloud mining services like Genesis Mining and BeMine, which allow users to purchase contracts to mine at a specific hash rate for a set time. However, buying the desired cryptocurrency and holding onto it for the long term may be more beneficial than using a cloud mining contract.

Nonetheless, several derivative products are now available or becoming popular, which could help level the playing field for miners.

Final Thoughts on How Profitable Crypto Mining is

Cryptocurrency investment can be complex, but it is possible to identify promising investments through research and analysis. Another way to earn money is by mining cryptocurrencies from home using simple equipment. Still, it’s important to consider the associated power usage and costs. Choosing the right cryptocurrency to mine is essential to ensuring profitability.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Most Profitable Cryptocurrency to Mine?
Monero (XMR) remains one of the most profitable cryptocurrencies to mine, with a market capitalization of nearly $3 billion. The reward for mining Monero is currently 2.15 XMR per block, and the protocol is anticipated to produce 2,272,762 blocks.
Can Beginners Mine Cryptocurrency?
Yes, beginners can mine cryptocurrency. However, it's important to become familiar with the mining process first. You'll need a cryptocurrency wallet, mining software, and hardware. Note that mining equipment can be expensive, but the more you invest in it, the more profitable it can be.
Is it Worth it to Mine With one GPU?
Yes, in many cases, it is worth mining with one GPU. However, the profitability of using GPUs for cryptocurrency mining depends on the specific cryptocurrency. For example, mining Bitcoin with a GPU is less profitable due to high competition from ASICs.
How Long Will Crypto Mining Last?
Bitcoin mining rewards will no longer be available once the maximum supply of 21 million bitcoins is reached. From then on, miners will receive income exclusively from fees charged for processing transactions.
What is the most profitable coin to mine with a GPU?
Here are some of the best cryptocurrencies to mine with a GPU: ● Bitcoin (most profitable), ● Ethereum (best for smart contracts and corporate miners), ● Monero (best for beginner miners), ● Ravencoin (best for low-investment mining), ● Bitcoin Gold (best for individual miners).
How Profitable is Crypto Mining?

How Profitable is Crypto Mining?

By Philip Hoey - min read
Updated 23 May 2024
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